kunal International Logo

Indian Exports – An Overview of the Current State of the Indian Economy

Indian Exports – An Overview of the Current State of the Indian Economy

India has been ranked as the fastest-growing economy in the world for the last two years. The country is also expected to become the third largest economy in the world by 2030. How did India achieve such rapid growth? What are its strengths and weaknesses?

India is a large developing nation located in South Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Pakistan to the west, Nepal to the south, and Bangladesh to the east. Its total area is 903,879 square kilometres (352,622 sq mi), and its population was approximately 1.3 billion at the time of its independence in 1947.

India’s global competitiveness

India is largely driven by its human capital,” says Dr Ravi Gurumurthy, Director General of the Centre for Monitoring the Indian Economy. He explains that India’s economic development is closely linked to its educational system. After years of solid growth, the country is now facing several headwinds that are weighing on its exports. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at the current state of Indian exports and what factors are affecting them.

Let’s start with a look at the overall numbers. According to data from the World Trade Organization (WTO), India’s total merchandise exports grew by 3.3% in 2016 to reach $274 billion. This was down from 7.4% growth in 2015 and 9% growth in 2014 (the WTO does not have 2017 data yet). So, while still growing, Indian exports have slowed down significantly over the past two years or so.

There are several factors behind this slowdown in export growth. First and foremost is weak global demand; as major economies like China and Europe have cooled off, they’ve been buying less from India (and other exporting countries). Additionally, commodity prices – which had been rising for much of the past decade – started falling sharply starting around mid-2014; since commodities make up a significant share of Indian exports (oil alone accounted for 15% of all outbound shipments in 2016), this has weighed heavily on export growth as well. Finally, currency fluctuations have also played a role; after depreciating sharply against the US dollar between 2013 and 2015 (making Indian goods more competitive), the rupee has appreciated somewhat over the past year or so, making those same goods more expensive again. All told, these various factors add up to an environment that has been challenging for exporters.

Why does India need to improve its exports?

India is a developing country with a population of over 1.3 billion people. While the government has made great strides in recent years in terms of economic development, it still lags behind many developed countries in terms of export growth. In order to continue its economic development and improve the standard of living for its citizens, India needs to improve its exports.

There are several reasons why India needs to grow its exports:

  • Export growth is essential for GDP growth. In order to sustain high levels of economic growth, India needs to find new markets for its products and services.
  • Export-led development can help create jobs and reduce poverty levels within the country.
  • Growing exports will help Indian companies become more competitive globally and increase their market share in international markets.

If India improves its exports, it will see an increase in profits. This is because more goods will be sold and more money will be brought in from other countries. Additionally, improved exports can lead to lower prices for Indian products abroad, making them more competitive and increasing demand. Thirdly, help to create jobs and spur economic growth. Lastly, improving export quality can attract foreign investment and help India become a manufacturing powerhouse and enhance the country’s balance of payments.

All of these factors combined would result in increased profits for India’s economy as a whole and we at Kunal International India understand these changes and their interdependence on the business.


India is an extensive and populous country with a diverse economy. A crucial part of its economic success has been its exports. In order to continue this success, India needs to focus on improving its exports. To do this, it must first understand what makes up its current exports. This will allow it to identify areas where it can enhance its product offerings.

Currently, India’s top export categories are mineral fuels ($87 billion), precious metals ($38 billion), textiles ($18 billion), machinery ($17 billion), and organic chemicals ($16 billion). These products make up a significant portion of India’s export economy, but there is room for improvement. For example, in the area of machinery, India could focus on increasing the quality and variety of products that it offers. Additionally, the organic chemical is an area where India has great potential for growth, given the country’s vast natural resources.

By focusing on improving its exports in crucial areas such as these, India can continue to prosper economically while also providing benefits to consumers around the world who would have access to better quality products at competitive prices.


Indian Exports – India’s Global Competitiveness

Indian Exports – India’s Global Competitiveness

India has emerged as one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. The country has also become a major exporter of goods and services. What are some of the critical strengths of Indian exports?

India is ranked third globally in terms of export value after China and Germany. In 2017, India exported $2.4 trillion worth of merchandise, accounting for 7% of global trade. This makes India the fifth largest trading nation in the world.

India’s economy is projected to expand at a rate of 6.5% per year over the next five years. This growth has led to increased demand for consumer goods from other countries. As a result, India has become a significant supplier of commodities such as steel, cement, gems, cotton, leather, pharmaceuticals, and automobiles.

Why Does India Rank So High Among Global Exporters?

India is one of the world’s leading exporters, with an export volume of $314.4 billion in 2016. India’s ranking among global exporters has been steadily rising over the years, and it is now the 19th largest exporting country in the world. There are several reasons for India’s high rank among global exporters.

First, India has a large population that provides a ready market for many products and services. Additionally, India has a rapidly growing economy that is attracting more foreign investment and trade. Finally, the Indian government has been supportive of exports by providing various incentives and subsidies to encourage companies to export their products and services.

Kunal International India can help your company take advantage of opportunities in the Indian market by providing expert advice on how to enter this growing market. We can also assist with setting up operations in India, as well as helping you navigate any bureaucratic hurdles you may encounter when doing business here.

What Are The Top Three Sectors Of India’s Exports?

India is a vast and populous country with a thriving economy. The top three sectors of India’s exports are textiles, gems and jewellery, and engineering goods.

  • Textiles are one of India’s oldest and most important industries. The country is home to some of the finest cotton in the world, as well as a rich tradition of textile production. Indian textiles are prized for their quality and craftsmanship and are exported to all corners of the globe.
  • Gems and jewellery are another primary export sector for India. The country is home to some of the finest diamonds in the world, as well as a rich tradition of jewellery making. Indian gems and jewellery are prized for their quality and craftsmanship and are exported to all corners of the globe.
  • Engineering goods is also one among them. This sector plays an essential role in infrastructure development not only within but also outside our borders. India’s rising engineering exports include heavy engineering goods, transport equipment, capital goods, other machinery/equipment and light engineerings products like castings, forgings and fasteners. 

No matter whatever you want to export! Kunal International India is there to guide you. Kunal International India has the experience and expertise to help you enter this burgeoning market and make the most of its vast opportunities.

What Are Some Of The Challenges Faced By Indian Exporters?

The Indian export sector is facing the following challenges in the current global economic environment:

  • The appreciation of the Indian rupee against major currencies has made Indian exports less competitive. This is a significant problem for the economy as a whole, and it needs to be addressed. The government needs to take action to help make India more competitive in the global market. Otherwise, the country will continue to lose out on valuable export opportunities.
  • The Indian government needs to take immediate action to address the rising input costs that are hampering the country’s exports. India is already at a competitive disadvantage when it comes to export prices, and these increasing input costs are only making things worse. The government needs to streamline the bureaucratic process and make it easier for exporters to do business in India. Only by taking these steps will India be able to compete in the global marketplace.
  • The Indian government has been working to improve the country’s infrastructure in recent years. However, there are still bottlenecks that are causing delays and higher costs for exporters. These constraints make it difficult to get goods to market quickly and efficiently, which puts India at a competitive disadvantage. The government needs to do more to improve infrastructure so that businesses can operate more smoothly and efficiently.


India is a large and rapidly growing market with immense potential for businesses looking to expand their operations. We can provide you with comprehensive market research, strategic planning, and guidance on setting up your business in India. We have a deep understanding of the Indian economy and can help you navigate its complex landscape. With Kunal International India’s assistance, you can tap into this vast market and reap the rewards of doing business in one of the world’s most dynamic economies.